The Behavior Code Companion delivers a helpful inventory of concrete and practical resources for the development and implementation of successful behavior intervention plans for students.
Special educator and behavioral analyst Jessica Minahan, coauthor of The Behavior Code, delivers a companion guide for educators and parents who want to better support students with challenging behaviors. Used by countless educators, the FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan has been proven to improve proactive classroom management, encourage positive teacher-student relationships, and reduce the need for school discipline.
In this book, Minahan offers a wealth of supplemental materials for each stage of the FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan—which involves determining the function (F) of the behavior, offering appropriate accommodations (A), implementing proactive intervention strategies (I), and practicing positive response strategies (R). Among other invaluable supports, she provides clear and direct exercises for brainstorming and reflection, a series of checklists to help with implementation and monitoring progress, and planning activities and templates that can be customized and put to use immediately. The author also recommends apps and other technology that can assist and simplify plan implementation.
Throughout the book, Minahan offers illustrative case studies, with a special focus on students with mental health diagnoses and those with anxiety-related or oppositional behaviors.
Filled with actionable advice, this highly useful resource gives educators and parents the tools to meet challenging behaviors with both confidence and compassion. This volume will help educators create optimal learning environments for all students.
CHAPTER 1 Cracking the Code 7 Embracing a New Perspective on Behavior
REFLECT: How Do You Think About Behavior? 10
REFLECT: Examining Your Assumptions 12
CASE STUDY: Julian, a Student with Anxiety 13
CASE STUDY: Malik, a Student with Anxiety 15
PRACTICE: Reframing Our Understanding of Behavior 17
CHAPTER 2 The FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan 19 Practicing the Fundamentals
PRACTICE: Functional Communication 23
PRACTICE: Replacement Behavior 24
PRACTICE: Writing Target Behaviors 28
PRACTICE: Analyzing Stan's ABC Notes 31
PRACTICE: Analyzing Juanita's ABC Notes 33
PRACTICE: Analyzing Raul's ABC Notes 35
PRACTICE: Analyzing ABC Notes for Your Students 37
PRACTICE: Structured ABC Data Sheet 38
CHAPTER 3 Key Interventions for Successfully Supporting Students 41
REFLECT: Supporting Student Work Initiation 47
REFLECT: Transitions and Your Students 49
CASESTUDY: Xavier, a Fourth-Grade Student 53
CASESTUDY: Trevor, a First-Grade Student 54
PRACTICE: Making a Transition Support Plan 55
REFLECT: Evaluating Breaks in Your Classroom 59
PRACTICE: Brainstorming Breaks 62
PRACTICE: Evaluating Break Data 64
REFLECT: Finding Islands of Competence 68
PRACTICE: Planning Islands of Competence 71
PRACTICE: Brainstorming Barriers to Alternative Lunches 71
CHAPTER 4 "Get Away From Me!" 73 Strategies and Interventions for Students with Anxiety-Related Behaviors
CASE STUDY: Analyzing Harry’s Behavior Plan 78
CASESTUDY: Analyzing Chandra’s Behavior Plan 80
REFLECT: Analyzing Your Student's Behavior Plan 82
PRACTICE: Creating a Writing Checklist 87
PRACTICE: Creating a "How I Feel About Writing" Sheet 88
REFLECT: Prioritizing Skills and Strategies 91
PRACTICE: Creating a Visual Self-Regulation Sheet 99
REFLECT: Planning a Check-In 104
REFLECT: Creating Check-In and Check-Out Sheets 106
CASESTUDIES: Catching It Early with Sophia and Sam 109
CHAPTER 7 Tools for Monitoring Progress and Implementation 161
REFLECT: Creating Data Sheets for Your Student 165
PRACTICE: Making an Implementation Checklist 177
PRACTICE: Putting It All Together 178
APPENDIX A Individualized Education Program Goals and Objectives 183
APPENDIX B Protocols: Safety, Bolting, Threat, and Self-Harm 187
APPENDIX C Helpful Apps 207
APPENDIX D FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan Template 217
APPENDIX E Updated FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan for Students with Anxiety-Related Behavior 221
APPENDIX F Updated FAIR Behavior Intervention Plan for Students with Oppositional Behavior 227
APPENDIX G Answer Key 235
Notes 255 Acknowledgments 259 About the Author 261 Index 263
Jessica Minahan, MEd, BCBA, is a board-certified behavior analyst and special educator. She is Director of Behavioral Services at Neuropsychology & Education Services for Children & Adolescents (NESCA), in Newton, Massachusetts, as well as a behavior consultant to schools nationwide. She also holds an adjunct professor position in the special education department at Boston University.
Jessica has over sixteen years of experience in public school systems supporting students with mental health challenges who exhibit concerning behavior. She has extensive experience supporting students with explosive and unsafe behavior, anxiety, trauma histories, emotional and behavioral disabilities, and high-functioning autism. Jessica specializes in staff training and creating behavior intervention plans and systems that combine a behavioral approach with a deep understanding of the student’s psychological profile.
Jessica holds a BS in intensive special education from Boston University and a dual master’s degree in special education and elementary education from Wheelock College. She has a certificate of graduate study (CGS) in teaching children with autism from the University of Albany and received her behavior analyst training from Northeastern University. A sought-after international public speaker, Jessica has spoken on subjects ranging from effective interventions for students with anxiety to supporting hard-to-reach students in full-inclusion public school settings. She is a blogger for the Huffington Post and the coauthor of The Behavior Code: A Practical Guide to Understanding and Teaching the Most Challenging Students, with Nancy Rappaport (Harvard Education Press, 2012). Her speaking schedule, other publications, and more information are available at www.jessicaminahan.com.
“The Behavior Code and The Behavior Code Companion are essential texts for a graduate teacher education course I teach on understanding behavior and classroom management. Used for the past five years, both in Boston and Barbados, these books help teachers understand the purpose and triggers of children’s challenging behaviors and they provide effective responsive strategies that support a child to learn positive social and behavioral skills. These books have changed the way I work with new teachers, with a focus on social emotional learning, reducing anxiety, and getting to the root of challenging behaviors. Teachers develop FAIR Plans that support an individual child but find that their plans foster a learning environment that supports all children.” —Stephanie Cox Suárez, associate clinical professor emeritus, Teaching and Learning Department, Boston University